Sinusitis in children and Diagnosing!
Your child is experiencing cold-like symptoms, which are aggravated by the swelling of the area around the nose and sometimes come with headaches and fever, too. What is this? Is it a cold or some kind of infection?
Cold or Sinusitis?
Determining a child’s condition is rather tricky. What you thought as a simple cold could be more complicated than you think. Most parents do not know the difference between a common cold and a sinus infection – sinusitis – especially if their child is very young and cannot tell exactly how they feel. This is because sinusitis has very similar symptoms with viral cold; nevertheless, there are some distinguishable things that you have to take note of.
General Characteristics of a Viral Cold.
- Colds could only last for a maximum of 10 days.
- When your child has a cold, his nasal discharge starts as clear and watery. After a couple of days, the nasal discharge could turn white, green, or yellow and become thick. This is very normal. After a few days, the nasal discharge will become clear again until it dries up.
- A daytime cough usually accompanies the common cold. The cough can worsen at night.
- A fever could be present, though low grade and can last for only 2 days.
- The symptoms of a viral cold usually get worse between the 3rd and 5th day, which will then improve after the 7th day.
General Characteristics of a Bacterial Sinusitis.
- Symptoms of viral cold are present for 10 days and more without improving.
- Fever that lasts for 3 to 4 days.
- Nasal discharge is usually thick and yellow.
- The patient experiences severe headache around or behind the eyes, which can get worse when the child bends over.
- Dark circles and swelling around the eyes.
- Bad breath together with cold symptoms even if your child regularly brushes.
Severe cases of sinusitis may spread upward to the eye or worse, the brain. Visit your doctor as soon as possible if your child is showing the following symptoms:
- Swelling or redness of the eyes throughout the day.
- Severe headache that may or may not be accompanied with neck pain.
- Light sensitivity.
- Increased irritability and fatigue.
How Do You Treat a Sinus Infection in Children?
If your child has the symptoms for sinusitis, it is best to bring him immediately to the doctor in order to confirm the findings and receive the much-needed treatment. An Eyes, Nose, and Throat (ENT) doctor can help you diagnose your child of sinusitis. Nevertheless, other tests, such as CT-Scan may be required, depending on the severity of the case or the age of the patient. The CT scan can help your doctor determine if your child’s sinuses are already developed, or if there are any blockage.
If the tests turned out positive, your doctor may prescribe saline drops, pain relievers like Paracetamol, or antibiotics if needed. You may also use humidifiers at home to moisturize your child’s nasal passages, thus making it easier for him to breathe.